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International Labour Organization As the world's only tripartite multilateral agency, the ILO is dedicated to bringing decent work and livelihoods, job-related security and better living standards to the people of both poor and rich countries. It helps to attain those goals by promoting rights at work, encouraging opportunities for decent employment, enhancing social protection and strengthening dialogue on work-related issues. The ILO is the international meeting place for the world of work. We are the experts on work and employment and particularly on the critical role that these issues play in bringing about economic development and progress. At the heart of our mission is helping countries build the institutions that are the bulwarks of democracy and to help them become accountable to the people. The ILO formulates international labour standards in the form of Conventions and Recommendations setting minimum standards of basic labour rights: freedom of association, the right to organize, collective bargaining, abolition of forced labour, equality of opportunity and treatment and other standards addressing conditions across the entire spectrum of work-related issues.

United Nations Economic Commission for Africa The United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) is the regional arm of the United Nations, mandated to support the economic and social development of its member States, foster intra-regional integration, and promote international cooperation for Africa's development.

Dr. Rob Smorfitt Have an MBA and a PhD in entrepreneurship. Three key areas of ongoing research are entrepreneurship and innovation in large business strategy, the impact of legislation on SME development and SME finance. Run my own SME blog at http://sme-smb-smme.blogsp as well as an entrepreneurship and innovation for large businesses blog at I have been self-employed since 1982. I have started or purchased in excess of 50 businesses since then. Most were sold again and a few were shut down because of a lack of profitability. Many were run by staff or family while I worked full time in my bigger businesses. Author of 6 books. Written articles for various magazines, newspapers and websites. Experienced in research within developing countries.

International Monetary Fund The IMF is an international organization of 185 member countries. It was established to promote international monetary cooperation, exchange stability, and orderly exchange arrangements; to foster economic growth and high levels of employment; and to provide temporary financial assistance to countries to help ease balance of payments adjustment. Since the IMF was established its purposes have remained unchanged but its operations—which involve surveillance, financial assistance, and technical assistance—have developed to meet the changing needs of its member countries in an evolving world economy.

OECD Development Centre Created in 1962 by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Paris, the Development Centre is an interface between OECD Member countries and the emerging and developing economies. The Development Centre occupies a unique place within the OECD and in the international community. It is a forum where countries come to share their experience of economic and social development policies. The Centre contributes expert analysis to the development policy debate. The objective is to help decision makers find policy solutions to stimulate growth and improve living conditions in developing and emerging economies.

African Development Bank The African Development Bank is the premier financial development institution of Africa, dedicated to combating poverty and improving the lives of people of the continent and engaged in the task of mobilizing resources towards the economic and social progress of its Regional Member Countries.The Bank’s s mission is to promote economic and social development through loans, equity investments, and technical assistance. The ADB is a multilateral development bank whose shareholders include 53 African countries and 24 non-African countries from the Americas, Asia, and Europe. It was established in 1964, with its headquarters in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, and officially began operations in 1967.

Grameen Foundation Grameen Foundation's mission is to empower the world's poorest people to lift themselves out of poverty with dignity through access to financial services and to information. With tiny loans, financial services and technology, we help the poor, mostly women, start self-sustaining businesses to escape poverty. Founded in 1997 by a group of friends who were inspired by the work of Grameen Bank in Bangladesh, our global network of microfinance partners reaches over 3.6 million families in 25 countries.

Gold Authors

Journal of Development Entrepreneurship The Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship (JDE) provides a forum for the dissemination of descriptive, empirical, and theoretical research that focuses on issues concerning microenterprise and small business development, especially under conditions of adversity.

World Economic Forum The World Economic Forum is an independent international organization committed to improving the state of the world by engaging leaders in partnerships to shape global, regional and industry agendas. Incorporated as a foundation in 1971, and based in Geneva, Switzerland, the World Economic Forum is impartial and not-for-profit; it is tied to no political, partisan or national interests. The World Economic Forum is under the supervision of the Swiss Federal Government.

United Nations Capital Development Fund The United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) is a UN organization mandated by the UN General Assembly and its Executive Board to provide capital assistance first and foremost to the Least Developed Countries (LDCs). UNCDF invests in LDCs in order to support their efforts to reduce poverty and achieve the Millennium Development Goals, especially in its two main product lines - Micro finance and Local Development. UNCDF is part of the UNDP-group and hosts the UN Advisors Group on Inclusive Financial Sectors.

David Satterthwaite David brings 10 years of experience in microfinance management, social entrepreneurship, non-profit management/fund-raising and microfinance investment research. David is the Chairman and President of Prisma Microfinance, Inc., a retail “microbank” operating in Central America. He is also Chief Editor of, a news and information service for the microfinance community and its investors. Each month, publishes the MicroCapital Monitor, the leading industry newspaper. David writes and speaks frequently on microfinance. He has been a quest speaker at many events, including: Microcredit Summit 5+: Panel on Private Investment, Milken Institute Global Conference, United Nations Year of Microcredit Symposium for Wall Street, Chicago Conference on Microfinance, Harvard Social Enterprise Conference, Dartmouth’s Business Sustainability Conference, Wharton’s Conference on Social Entrepreneurship, Stanford’s Social Enterprise Club, Columbia’s Social Enterprise Program and the Net Impact Annual Conference. Through his work with Prisma and MicroCapital, he has been featured or quoted in The Wall Street Journal, the Boston Globe, “All Things Considered,” Reuters and David has been recognized with the Compaq Computer Corporation Leadership Award, the City Year Inspiring Leader Award and the National Social Venture Business Plan Competition award for Best Social Impact Analysis. David has supported many non-profit and for-profit social enterprises in different capacities, including Access Technology Learning Center, Agora Partnerships, Bridges to Business, City Year, Fonkoze, Kiva and National Social Venture Competition. David holds a B.A. with Honors in Political Science from Haverford College.

Erik Hersman Erik Hersman is a rising international technology influencer with a keen eye on the impact of Web 2.0 advancements in the U.S. and his finger on the pulse of technology innovation across Africa. An avid blogger Erik writes four different technology blogs including: AfriGadge t; WhiteAf rican; African Signals; and Realt y Thoughts. When he is not blogging Erik serves as VP of strategy and marketing at an online real estate site providing on-demand access to home valuations, real estate professionals, home inspectors and appraisers. In this position he is responsible for marketing implementation, partner strategy and consumer evangelism. Raised in Sudan and Kenya, Erik brings unique energy and insight to the world of technology – bridging the gap between Africa and Silicon Valley. Erik can be seen speaking around the world at recognized conferences including the TEDGlobal conference in Tanzania and Inman’s Real Estate Connect.

Uduak Oduok Ms. Uduak Oduok is the President & CEO of Ladybrille Media Group, Inc., a dynamic multi-media company providing local and global niche market coverage to highly relevant hyper-targeted audience in fashion, film, music and the arts. She is also an attorney, fashion model and journalist with over seventeen years combined experience in the legal, fashion and entertainment industries. Visit www.ladyb to learn more about Ladybrille Media Group & Ms. Oduok.

G Kofi Annan G. Kofi Annan is a Ghanaian creative director and strategist (cultural trends, marketing, branding) who specializes in the emerging African market. He is the principal of Annansi LLC, a boutique consultancy which bridges the gap between the African market and the global community. Annansi LLC produces both Annansi Chronicles and Ann ansi Clothing Co., a premium streetwear apparel line. Kofi is an active board member of the African Film Commission, and has appeared and been quoted in influential media outlets including Reuters,, Inc. Magazine,, i-D Magazine, The Source Magazine,, VH1, and BET. He is currently researching a book on the relationship between Africa’s brand image and foreign investments.

John Wesonga Born in Nairobi, Kenya, John Wesonga is a partner and the Technology Director of Mul tiple Choices, a communications company that builds web 2.0 applications for the Internet and provides strategic advice on Online Brands. His interests include: web development, blogging, mobile technology, Africa, and Kenya. His blog, Afropreneur, is one of the most popular online resources for news regarding business and technology in Africa. He is also currently a student at Strathmore University, where he is pursuing a degree in Business Information Technology.

Benin Mwangi A credit analyst by profession, Benin Mwangi is one of the world's foremost experts on the topic of entrepreneurship in Africa. He is the founder of Benin Mwangi Enterprises, a consulting firm that specializes in promoting trade in Africa as a means to achieve self-empowerment and community development. His blog, BeninMwangi .com, serves as one of the most popular online destinations for those looking to learn about and discuss business and entrepreneurship in Africa. He is also a regular contributor to Global Voices Online and Kenya Empowerment News.

Shell Foundation The Shell Foundation is established to support efforts to achieve a balance between economic growth, care for the environment and equitable social development - the goal of sustainable development. The Foundation's focus on sustainable development is based upon the Shell Group's belief that the long-term health and prosperity of societies of which it is part, and its own future, depends on the ability of all stakeholders, worldwide, to attain such balance. However, as one of the most significant international oil and energy groups, Shell recognises the global dimension of many sustainability issues related to its activities. It believes it has a responsibility and an opportunity to play its part in addressing these issues.

Gavin Chait Gavin Chait is the principle analyst for Whythawk Ratings, the trusted advisor for many of South Africa's most demanding development initiatives for almost a decade. Chait specialises in economic and enterprise development. He both creates systems for economic and business generation and then project manages these through the implementation phase. Gavin has worked with the University of Cape Town Department of Management Studies in the Faculty of Commerce to develop student entrepreneurial consulting projects. He has a close relationship with the Department of Economic Development and Tourism working on projects as diverse as tourism development and support; and the 1000 x 1000 Project in which 1 000 individuals were given the opportunity to start a business for R 1 000 each. Gavin assisted with the initial project scoping and development of his original idea for implementation at such a large scale. He further wrote the training and feedback manuals to be used in the event and project managed the event. Gavin’s qualifications include degrees in Microbiology and Biochemistry (from the University of Cape Town in 1994) and a degree in Electrical Engineering (UCT, 1998).

Ken Teyie Ken Teyie works for Mondeas Limited as an Editorial manager. He previously worked for All Times Media, a publishing company based in Nairobi Kenya. He is a regular contributor in the online business magazines, and played a leading role in the initial branding of and is in the process of building an international branding company that will provide the much needed boost in upcoming small and medium sized firms in Africa in terms of identifying new market opportunities and increasing their corporate reach. Through his blog,, Mr. Teyie has been able to air views about business in Africa. His contributions can also be read at http://africareadyfor and

Africa Renewal The Africa Renewal information programme, produced by the Africa Section of the United Nations Department of Public Information, provides up-to-date information and analysis of the major economic and development challenges facing Africa today. Among the major items it produces is the renowned magazine, Africa Renewal (formerly Africa Recovery), which first appeared in 1987. It also produces a range of public information materials, including backgrounders, press releases and feature articles. It works with the media in Africa and beyond to promote the work of the United Nations, Africa and the international community to bring peace and development to Africa.

id 21 id21 is a fast-track research reporting service funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID). It aims to bring UK-based development research findings and policy recommendations to policymakers and development practitioners worldwide.

Fiona Mati Fiona Mati is the CEO of the Youth Interactive Portal for Enterprise (, which hosts an online portal that provides East African youth entrepreneurs with free information and resources so that they are in a better position to access finance, learn about new business opportunities, and can easily register their businesses. The portal is the first of its kind in East Africa specifically targeting the youth, and provides free business skills training, a directory of sources of startup finance as well as step by step guides for business registration. On a wider scale, the portal also provides valuable information to aspiring entrepreneurs, students, finance institutions, government policy makers and development agencies seeking to promote sustainable wealth creation.

Microfinance Gateway The Microfinance Gateway (the Gateway) is the most comprehensive source of information for and about the microfinance industry. It includes research and publications, discussion groups, specialized resource centers, organization and consultant profiles, and the latest news, events, and job opportunities in microfinance. Its guiding vision is to enable microfinance industry participants to generate value, innovate and engage in the free flow of ideas by effectively utilizing the Gateway's knowledge assets.

United Nations University UNU is dedicated to the generation and transfer of knowledge, and the strengthening of individual and institutional capacities in furtherance of the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations. The mission of UNU is to contribute, through research and capacity building, to efforts to resolve the pressing global problems that are a concern of the United Nations, its Peoples and Member States. In fulfilling this mission, UNU fosters intellectual cooperation among scholars, scientists, and practitioners worldwide — especially those in the developing world — and functions as: an international community of scholars; a bridge between the United Nations and the international academic community; a think-tank for the United Nations system; a builder of capacity, particularly in developing countries; and a platform for dialogue and new and creative ideas.

Makerere University Business School The Makerere University Business School (MUBS) is at the centre stage of Business and Management Education in Uganda. It is the leading institution in providing business and management education at the certificate, diploma, Undergraduate and Postgraduate levels and a benchmark for other institutions both nationally and regionally. It also facilitates professional development, promotes entrepreneurship and is a leading business Management research institution in Uganda.

Olatuja Toyin Toyin olatujayan is a social entreprenuer whose passion and vision for Africa is to see a new Africa where business development and innovation thrives and a new creative and entreprenurial culture birthed within the continent of Africa.Toyin currently writes on economic and social issues on WWW.TOYINOLATUJA.BLOGSPOT.COM

Silver Authors

Henk Boshoff (Premium Author)Henk started his career with a diploma in electrical engineering. He then worked as an electronic lab and production line technician gaining valuable experience on manufacturing and testing processes. During this time he obtained his BTech degree in Engineering at the Tswane University of Technology. Soon afterwards he obtained a Bsc(Honours) degree from the University of Pretoria. This allowed him to move into an engineering position where he spent 6 years on electronic hardware and software designs focusing mainly in data communications and data communication protocols. During this period he obtained his MSc from the University of Pretoria. His mini thesis provided a new method of investigating organisational learning capability and the management style requirements to achieve it. With the help of a case analysis it showed that the organizational structure and culture generates a feedback cycle, which can be used as a baseline for future organizational learning. The MSc allowed him the opportunity to move onto engineering management projects. Henk then ventured on his own by starting the company S-Curve technologies, doing strategic technology development and consulting.

S.A. Abraham Author S.A. Abraham writes from a world perspective. Born in Africa (Ethiopia), and educated in England, she has an LL.B in Law (Bachelor Degree) from Brunel University in London, UK; and has taken 2-year Advanced Level courses in Psychology, History, Mathematics, and English Literature. She has worked as a Law Clerk (with lawyers, courts, prisons, social services) both in England and in Canada - and now works as a translator, a proofreader, and in Hospitality. S.A. Abraham has a keen interest in the study of Human Behaviour and Psychology; Health and wellbeing; World History and Current Affairs; Literature; the study of the Holy Scriptures, and Eastern Philosophies. All of these subjects and more are evident in her writing. She has practiced the martial/meditative exercise of Wu Style Tai Chi Chuan since 2005, and lives in Toronto, Canada.. The Keys That Open: Meditations on the Creator and Finding Inner Peace and Empowerment is her first book.

Craft Village Craft Village is a small business based in England. With the artisans of Kisii Tabaka, Western Kenya, we have been developing our unique sculptures and nurturing this project since 2004. Recognizing the skill and talent of the Kisii carvers, Craft Village identified the need for a new outlook in terms of design. A progression from the traditional soapstone statues saturating the market. Training rural Kenyan craftsmen to sculpt caricatures of cartoon characters, and introducing new production techniques and quality control methods, Craft Village have secured approval from 20th Century Fox and achieved an exclusive license to produce and sell our Simpsons sculptures. We are proud to be in a position to supply Simpsons fans with new, high quality, unique, animation art, whilst simultaneously having a positive economic impact in rural Kenya.

Development Gateway Foundation The Development Gateway Foundation is an international nonprofit organization with the mission to reduce poverty and enable change in developing nations through information technology. It envisions a world in which the digital revolution serves people everywhere – creating greater opportunity through increased access to critical information; greater reliance on local capabilities; and more effective, better coordinated international aid. To fulfill its mission, the foundation provides Web-based platforms that make aid and development efforts more effective around the world.

Shona Grant Shona Grant is the Director of the Development Focus Area at the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) based in Geneva. She is responsible for managing a work program aimed at accelerating the business contribution to development, through awareness building of “what is possible”, advocating for improvements in framework conditions, and brokering real and sustainable business opportunities between WBCSD members and other stakeholders. Shona is seconded from BP and joined the WBCSD in November 2005. She joined the Research Division of BP in 1987 and has since held a variety of roles in the Exploration & Production and the Executive Office. Prior to moving to Geneva she was Asset Manager for a portfolio including several offshore production facilities and logistics for their Norwegian operations.

Andrew Mack Andrew Mack is the founder and Principal of amGLOBAL Consulting. A seasoned, innovative professional with over 20 years experience in international business and international development, Mack has worked in some 70 countries around the world with special emphasis on Emerging Markets in Africa, Latin America and Asia. Mack is a former World Bank official and banker, with extensive project design, management and business development experience, as well recognized expertise in private sector development, public-private partnership, and corporate social responsibility (CSR) issues. He has represented international donors, NGOs, and private sector firms such as Oracle, Chevron, Motorola, and Volvo in work with Emerging Markets around the world. Mack holds a Bachelor of Arts Magna Cum Laude from Amherst College and a Masters in International Relations/International Economics from the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies. The recipient of Fellowships from Georgetown and Johns Hopkins Universities, Mack was twice nominated as a “Global Leader for Tomorrow” by the World Economic Forum in Davos. He speaks and works in French, Spanish and Portuguese.

Bronze Authors

Jabu Bags Jabu Bags is a socially responsible business that focuses on skill sharing and development at the grassroots level. It involves a group of 12 rural women from the Kalanga Chiefdom in eastern Swaziland who make the purses and work as a team in a sewing hut sharing five hand crank sewing machines. Teaming entrepreneurship with social awareness, it was created by Megan Yarema, a master’s student in Human Security and Peacebuilding who believes that small efforts can have big effects. Jabu Bags is located in Swaziland. For more information on purchasing a bag or the project itself contact Megan at, or +268 657 4955.

Judy Wawira Judy Wawira Gichoya was born on 27th march 1984. She comes from the densely populated Kirinyaga district of Kenya, but spent most of her time in boarding school throughout the country. She has successfully completed her training in primary and secondary school and currently is pursuing a bachelor’s degree in medicine and surgery. She studied basic accounting, i.e. Certified Public Accountant (CPA) and Information management systems (IMIS)at Strathmore university. She has undertaken courses on project management, proposal writing, grant fundraising and poverty reduction strategies among youth.

dorothyduncan dorothyduncan is Dorothy Ghettuba and Mandy Duncan. Dorothy and Mandy are the co-founders of dorothyduncan. For two friends who had always wanted to work together, this turned out to be the perfect ad-venture for allowing them to combine their love for fashion and their entrepreneurial skills. Our mission is to sell a dare to live attitude and lifestyle. At the heart of dorothyduncan is the idealistic appeal of being true to oneself and living the best life possible. Our products are designed for women of all ages, who already feel great on the inside and want to look just as amazing on the outside. dorothyduncan aims to serve women who identify themselves as distinctive, daring, and inspired. We offer edgy, dressy fashion pieces that add flair and personality to an already existing wardrobe of basics. We carry unique and exclusive pieces by independent fashion designers from various parts of the world. dorothyduncan adds spice to your wardrobe by offering a collection of chic, eclectic and culturally inspired pieces. At dorothyduncan, we believe in living life by one’s own rules. Our intent is to share this philosophy and infectious dare-to live attitude with you – our customers. Dorothy is from Kenya. Mandy is from Guyana.

Lauri Elliott Lauri Elliott is a business and venture strategist,focusing on Africa. With over 20 year of experience, she brings a unique mix of strategy and practical application for doing business in Africa. Ms. Elliott, and her associates, share this with others through the Afribiz global business platform. For Afribiz, Ms. Elliott hosts the show, "AfribizTalk," and serves as Editor-in-Chief for Afribiz Media. She is a frequent writer, speaker, and analyst on issues that affect business in Africa.

Toka Bridget Meyer was born in a tiny African village on the Zambesi River only 5 miles from the Victoria Falls in Zambia. In 1990, she moved with her husband, Bob Meyer, to Minneapolis, U.S. There, they decided to start up a company importing fine African crafts to America. TOKA began in the bedroom of Bridget and Bob’s Minneapolis apartment. As the business grew they moved into several larger warehouses. In 2001, they moved their business to Smith River, California. Their current warehouse is in Crescent City, CA and shipping is done from nearby Brookings, Oregon. TOKA maintains two warehouse sites in Zambia and currently works with approximately 400 African weavers. All of the weavers work from their home and weave at their own pace.

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