||Like it? PLEASE +1 it! Thanks!|
19.0 References: Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship in Africa
(Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Oct 2002 by Kiggundu, Moses N)
Adam S. (1999). Competences and other factors affecting the small enterprise sector in Ibadan, Nigeria. In K. King & S. McGrath (Eds.), Enterprise in Africa: Between poverty and growth (pp. 179-190). London: Intermediate Technology.
Bar, A. (1999). Do SMEs network for growth? In K. King & S. McGrath (Eds.), Enterprise in Africa. (pp. 121-131). London: Intermediate Technology.
Benedict B. (1979). Family firms and firm families: A comparison of Indian, Chinese, and Creole firms in Seychelles. In S.M. Greenfield, A. Strickon, & Aubey, R.T. (Eds.), Entrepreneurs in cultural context. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.
Berger, B. (Ed.). (1991). The culture of entrepreneurship. San Francisco: Institute for Contemporary Studies (ICS) Press.
Buame, S. K. (1996). Entrepreneurship: A contextual perspective. Lund, Sweden: Lund University Press.
Campbell, J.P. Dunnette, M.D., Lawler, E.E. & Weick K.E. (1970). Managerial behavior, performance, and effectiveness. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Charmes, J. (1999). Micro-enterprises in West Africa. In K. King & S. McGrath (Eds.), Enterprise in Africa (pp. 71-82). London: Intermediate Technology.
Dia, M. (1996). African management in the 1990s and beyond: Reconciling indigenous and transplant institutions. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
Elkan, W. (1988). Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship in Africa. Finance & Development, 25(4), 41.
Foster, M. Brown, A., Norton, A. & Naschold, F. (2001). The status of sector wide approaches. London: Overseas Development Institute. (www.odi.org.uk).
Frese, M. (Ed.). (2000). Success and failure of micro business owners in Africa: A psychological approach. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Godsell, G. (1991). Entrepreneurs embattled: Barriers to entrepreneurship in South Africa. In B. Berger (Ed.), The culture of entrepreneurship. San Francisco: ICS Press.
Government of South Africa, (2001, July). A new African initiative: Merging the Millennium Partnership for the African Recovery Program (MAP) and the Omega Plan. Available from the Department of Foreign Affairs (www.dfa.gov.za/events/ afrinit.htm).
Gray, K.R., Cooley, W., & Lutabingwa, J. (1997). Small-scale manufacturing in Kenya. Journal of Small Business Management, 1, 66-72.
Harper, M. (1996). Consultancy for small business. London: Intermediate Technology.
Harper, M. & Soon, T.T. (1979). Small enterprises in developing countries: Case studies and conclusions. London: Intermediate Technology.
Harrison, D. & Friedrich, C. (1994). A combined method questionnaire /case study survey of 7 informal sector business types. Harare: Friedrich Naumann Stiftung.
Hart, G. P. (1972). Some socio-economic aspects of African entrepreneurship. Occasional Paper No. 16, Grahamstown: Rhodes University.
Horn, P. (1995). Self-employed women's unions: Tackling the class-gender intersection. South African Labour Bulletin, 19/6.
Jorgensen, J.J., Hafsi, T., & Kiggundu, M.N. (1986). Towards a market imperfections theory of organizational structure in developing countries. Journal of Management Studies, 23(4), 417-442.
Kallon, K.M. (1990). The economics of Sierra Leonean entrepreneurship. Lanhan, MD: University Press of America.
Kennedy, P. (1998). African capitalism: The struggle for ascendancy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Keyser, M., de Kruif, M., & Frese, M. (2000). The Psychological strategy process and socio-demographic variables as predictors of success for micro-and small-scale business owners in Zambia. In M. Frese (Ed.), Success and failure of micro business owners in Africa: A psychological approach (pp. 31-54). Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Kiggundu, M.N. (2001). Management in Uganda. In M. Warner (Ed.), International encyclopedia of business and management (211d Ed.) (pp. 6611-6618). London: Thomson Learning Business Press.
-, (1989). Managing Organizations in developing countries: An operational and strategic approach. West Hartford, CT: Kumerian Press.
-, (1988). Africa. In R. Nath (Ed.), Comparative management (pp. 169-243). Cambridge: Ballinger.
Kilmann, R.H., Thomas, K.W., Slevin, D.P., Nath, R., & Jerrell, S.L. (1983). Producing useful knowledge. New York: Praeger.
King, K. & McGrath, S. (Eds.). (1999). Enterprise in Africa: Between poverty and growth. London: Intermediate Technology.
Koop, S., de Reu, T., & Frese, M. (2000). Socio-demographic factors, entrepreneurial orientations, personal initiative, and environmental problems in Uganda. In M. Frese (Ed.), Success and failure of micro business owners in Africa: A psychological approach (pp. 55-76). Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Langseth, P. & Stapenhurst, R. (1997). National integrity system. Washington D. C.: EDI LeVine, R.A. (1966). Dreams and deeds: Achievement motivation in Nigeria. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Loucks, K. (1988). Training entrepreneurs for small business creation: Lessons from experience. Geneva: ILO. (Management Development Series A26).
Mangaliso, M.P. (2001). Building competitive advantage from Ubuntu: Management lessons from South Africa. The Academy of Management Executive, 15(3), 16-22. Mangaliso, M.P. & Nkomo, S. M. (2001). Eskom's Chairman Reuel Khoza on business
transformation of South African business. The Academy of Management Executive, 15(3), 8-15.
McClelland, D.C. (1961). The achieving society. New York: Free Press.
McClelland, D.C. & Winter, D. G. (1969). Motivating economic achievement. New York, The Free Press.
McGrath S. & King, K. (1999). Learning to grow? The importance of education and training for small and micro-enterprise development. In K. King K. & S. McGrath, (Eds.), Enterprise in Africa. London: Intermediate technology.
McPherson, M.A. (1992). Growth and survival of small Southern African firms. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Michigan State University, East Lansing.
Mead, D.C. (1999). MSEs tackle both poverty and growth (but in different proportions). In K. King & S. McGrath (Eds.), Enterprise in Africa (pp. 61-71). London: Intermediate Technology.
Mead, D.C. & Liedholm, C. (1998). The dynamics of micro and small enterprises in developing countries. World Development, 26(1), 61-74.
McCormick, D. (1999). Enterprise clusters in Africa: Linkages for growth and development. In K. King & S. McGrath (Eds.), Enterprise in Africa (pp. 132-143). London: Intermediate Technology.
Ng, F. & Yeats, AJ. (2000). On the recent trade performance of Sub-Saharan African countries: Cause for hope or more of the same? (African Region Working Papers Series, #7). Washington, DC: The World Bank.
Parker, J. (1995). Patterns of business growth: Micro and small enterprises in Kenya. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Michigan State University, Lansing, Michigan. Pedersen, P.O. (1999). Trading agents and other producer services in African industrial
ization and globalization. In K. King & S. McGrath (Eds.), Enterprise in Africa (pp. 144-155). London: Intermediate Technology.
Pfeffer, J., & Sutton, R.I. (1999). The Doing-Knowing gap. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
Pope, J. (2001). Confronting corruption: the elements of a national integrity system. London: Transparent International.
Ramachandran, V., & Shah, M. J. (1999). Minority entrepreneurs and private sector growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. (Discussion Paper. RPED, #086), The World Bank. Rasheed, S., & Luke, D.F. (1995). Development management in Africa: Empowerment, and entrepreneurship. Bolder, CO: Westview Press.
Rathgeber, E. M., & Adera, E. 0. (Eds.). (2000). Gender and the information revolution in Africa. Ottawa: International Development Research Center (IDRC).
Reddings, S. G. (1991). Culture and entrepreneurial behavior among the overseas Chinese. In B. Berger (Ed.), The culture of entrepreneurship. San Francisco: ICS Press. Reymonds, P.D., & White, S. B. (1997). The entrepreneurial process: Economic growth, men, women, and minorities. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Rutashobya, L. (2001). Female entrepreneurship in Tanzania: Constraints and strategic considerations. Proceedings of the International Academy of African Business and Development, Washington, D.C., April 4-7, 31-37.
Sam, M.A. (1998). Exploring the link between customary inheritance practice and discontinuity of indigenous enterprises in Nigeria. Canadian Journal of African Studies, 32 (2), 349-377.
Schumpeter, J. (1934). The theory of economic development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Sexton, D.L., & Lanstrom, H. (Eds.). (2000). Handbook of entrepreneurship. Oxford: Blackwell Business.
Svensson, J. (2000). The cost of doing business: Firms' experience with corruption in Uganda. (African Region Working Paper Series, #6). Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.
Stewart, H. W. (1996). Psychological correlates of entrepreneurship. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc.
Trulsson, P. (1997). Strategies of entrepreneurship: Understanding industrial entrepreneurship and structural change in Northern Tanzania. Linkoping, Sweden.
Van Dijk, M.P. (1995). Regulatory restrictions and competition in formal and informal urban manufacturing in Burkina Faso. In P. English & C. Henault (Eds.), Agents of change (pp. 106-125). London: Intermediate Technology.
Related Articles18.0 Conclusion: Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship in Africa
1.0 What is known and what needs to be done: Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship in Africa
California's Not a Big Entrepreneurship State
Today’s Profiles of Entrepreneurship in Africa: Aliko Dangote
Writing Phenom David S. Fick Talks with Benin Mwangi! Part Two
1.0 Overview: Gender Entrepreneurship and Competitiveness in Africa, 2007
SMEs - South African SMEs and development capital
Updated: The Age/Entrepreneurship Myth
17.0 What Needs to be Done - Mainstreaming Entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship in Africa
SME's - why compliance models work in Africa
SMEs and entrepreneurs in Africa
7.0 Conclusions: Gender Entrepreneurship and Competitiveness in Africa 2007
SME's - still a strong component in the South African economy
What Can Be Done in North America to Help Better Support African Entrepreneurship?
6.0 The broader context: Gender Entrepreneurship and Competitiveness in Africa, 2007
7 Lessons from Africa’s Successful Entrepreneurs?
7 mistakes, and 7 keys to successful entreprneuership.
SME's - collectivism yes or no
How Do African Businesses Get Start Up Capital?
SMEs - opportunities in Africa
Home > African-Accounts > Journal of Development Entrepreneurship > 190 References Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship in Africa > Google +
Free PDF Download
References: Constraints of growth-oriented enterprises in the southern and eastern African region
By Journal of Development Entrepreneurship
About the Author: Journal of Development Entrepreneurship
RSS for Journal of's articles - Visit Journal of's website
The Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship (JDE) provides a forum for the dissemination of descriptive, empirical, and theoretical research that focuses on issues concerning microenterprise and small business development, especially under conditions of adversity.
Click here to visit Journal of's website.
More from Journal of Development Entrepreneurship
Information and Networks Constraints of growthoriented enterprises in the southern and eastern African region
170 What Needs to be Done Mainstreaming Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship in Africa
Results Exploring entrepreneurship in a declining economy
Methodology Exploring entrepreneurship in a declining economy
70 The African Entrepreneur Entrepreneurial Competencies Entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship in Africa
Related Forum PostsRe: need advice
Fundraising for 3rd world Entrepreneurs
My Favorite Entrepreneur – created by Armand Rousso
Re: Newbie from Africa
Adventure travel to Africa.
Share this article. Fund someone's dream.
Share this post and you'll help support entrepreneurs in Africa through our partnership with Kiva. Over $50,000 raised and counting - Please keep sharing! Learn more.
8 Important Things to Keep in Mind When Choosing a Web Design Company
By Richard Myers, Data Driven Marketing
By Richard Myers, Data Driven Marketing
By: Evan Carmichael
By: Evan Carmichael
||Like this page? PLEASE +1 it!|