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In poor, aid-dependent countries, the likelihood of pro-poor training strategies being introduced will depend very heavily on the policies and practices of their main donor partners. Unless, therefore, donors are prepared to concentrate the bulk of their assistance on poverty reduction as well as change their policies on VET, the prospects for the implementation of pro-poor training strategies are seriously reduced in most of these countries.
Despite formal policy commitments in favour of concentrating aid on the poor, in 1997 only about one-quarter of bilateral aid from European aid donors was allocated to projects and programmes with a direct poverty focus (see ODI, 1998). Equally serious, overall aid flows have been falling fast. OECD countries gave $47.5 billion in 1997, a decline of 7.1 per cent in real terms over 1996. Since 1990, the real value of aid has fallen by nearly 40 per cent. Even primary education, where most donors have made high profile commitments about meeting 'education for all' targets, funding levels have fallen in real terms among the majority of donors (see Bennell, 1998)
EMPLOYMENT AND TRAINING
Learning to change: Skills
development among the
economically vulnerable and
socially excluded in
Employment and Training Department
International Labour Office Geneva
First published 1999
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References: Learning to change: Skills development among the economically vulnerable and socially excluded in developing countries
By International Labour Organization
About the Author: International Labour Organization
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As the world's only tripartite multilateral agency, the ILO is dedicated to bringing decent work and livelihoods, job-related security and better living standards to the people of both poor and rich countries. It helps to attain those goals by promoting rights at work, encouraging opportunities for decent employment, enhancing social protection and strengthening dialogue on work-related issues. The ILO is the international meeting place for the world of work. We are the experts on work and employment and particularly on the critical role that these issues play in bringing about economic development and progress. At the heart of our mission is helping countries build the institutions that are the bulwarks of democracy and to help them become accountable to the people. The ILO formulates international labour standards in the form of Conventions and Recommendations setting minimum standards of basic labour rights: freedom of association, the right to organize, collective bargaining, abolition of forced labour, equality of opportunity and treatment and other standards addressing conditions across the entire spectrum of work-related issues.
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