The Truth About Hydroponics Systems in 60 Seconds

Hydroponics is also known as a form of aquaculture used to cultivate plants without the use of soil. Plants are grown using mineral solutions infused with nutrients, this makes it a subset of hydroculture.

So far, this is one of the most innovative and fast growing sectors and has been tipped to dominate food production in a few years. In the natural order of things, the soil act as a reservoir for the nutrients that plants need.

The modification which give rise to what we know as hydroponics make use of the dissolution of the essential mineral nutrients the plant needs to survive in water.

Hydroponics is a form of aquaculture, which has been -- and is still being -- modified to introduce an artificial supply of minerals and nutrients needed by the plants -- with the holding medium of these minerals and nutrients changed to a water substrate.

The removal of soil as the holding medium helps eliminate a lot of problems usually associated with normal gardening. For instance, there is a reduced pest infestation probability. A farmer doesn’t have to use pesticides when using a hydroponic system when compared to using the traditional cultivation methods.

Although the hydroponic systems have seen vast success in vegetable gardening, it can also be used to grow other plants especially in a greenhouse.

Types of hydroponic systems

So far, there are six main types of hydroponic systems to choose from namely:

  • The Wick Systems
  • The Deep Water Culture (DWC)
  • The Nutrient Film Technique (NFT).
  • The Ebb and Flow (Flood and Drain)
  • Aeroponics
  • The Drip Systems
Although the major form of hydroponic system is that which solely uses water to grow plants, other types of hydroponic systems which are effective have been developed. Some hold the root of plants in place using gravel or marbles, while some other systems hang roots which are misted instead of the full watering.

The drip systems give your plants the opportunity to give their roots constant nutrient solution flow from pipes. In conventional hydroponics system, you can just add the required nutrient feeds into the water for the plants to feed on.

You can read reviews about each of the hydroponics systems here.

Benefits of hydroponic systems

Hydroponic systems help you avoid the issues associated with planting in the soil such as pest issues, soil drainage, and the build-up salt from fertilization application. It gives you the opportunity to grow a garden in areas with poor soil conditions and allow you grow plants out of the regular planting season.

If your hydroponic system is well controlled, it’ll help alleviate, temperature, and lightening issues as well.

Costs of running a good hydroponic system

A good hydroponics system does not come cheap. You must be able to control your environment the right way so as to get the right growing conditions for optimal plant growth.

Energy is needed to control the temperature and also provide adequate lightening if an indoor hydroponics system is used. Energy as we know doesn’t come cheap. This is the reason plants grown hydroponically are pricier.

Growing condition of plants grown in a hydroponics system

Growing plants using the hydroponics system is totally different from using the traditional cultivation method. The environments have to be different. The best conditions require about 8 to 10 hours of light which can be either direct sunlight or a high-intensity indoor lamp.

The optimal temperature for the plants is in the range of 50 to 70 degree Fahrenheit.

Lastly, plants grown using the hydroponics system get oxygen to their roots when you bubble air into their nutrient water solution. Watch this video for an overview of the hydroponics system.


Adeyemi Adetilewa is a digital marketing strategist who writes for publications. He's the Founder and Editor of, an online community for entrepreneurs to share business ideas. His one word is #possibilities.

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