5 Effective Ways to Ward off Illegal Threats to Your Data

Any organization, company or institution that has a computer system and sensitive data must take the responsibility of protecting its information against malicious attacks. In the wake of recent global ransomware attacks, ransomware protection must feature prominently in any company’s data protection plans.

Most threats to computer systems and information originate from human through negligence, ignorance, or malicious actions (with a goal behind the attack). The goal behind malicious computer attacks could be to hinder normal business operations, deny data availability or could be just a hoax.

Organizations need to plan for possible threats and come up with policies to limit the vulnerability of such attacks. This calls for the need to understand the information you need to protect and its value, so as to develop effective protective measures.

Cyber Attacks Malicious Software

Malicious software can be used to steal data, compromise computer operations, bypass access control, or damage the host computer. There are so many malicious programs that are a serious risk to your data and information. Some of these include:

i. Adware – Adware are created by advertisers to automatically deliver ads on websites. However, some adware may come bundled with spyware capable of tracking user activities and stealing data from your system.

ii. Ransomware – This is a malware that holds computer resources or data captive and restricts the user to access the computer system and demand a ransom. It could lock down the system or encrypt your files and display a message forcing you to pay the malware generator to remove the restrictions.

iii. Rootkit – The malware is designed to remotely access and control a computer system without being detected by security programs. The attacker can steel information, execute files, alter software and modify system configurations. You can protect your system against Rootkit by avoiding suspicious downloads, static scan and regularly patching vulnerabilities in software.

iv. Trojan Horse– The malware disguises itself as a normal download file and tricks the users to download and install the malware. Once installed, it can give the attackers access to your computer system and they can steal data or even electronic money, install more malware, monitor user activities and modify files.

5 Ways to Safeguard Your Data from Malicious Attacks

1. Employees’ Awareness Campaign: - This is one of the most cost effective ways of cyber-attacks prevention. You should train your employees on cybersecurity and their role in preventing such attacks. The training should also include privacy training to all employees.

2. Computer Updates – Ensure that your entire network is always up to date. This involves updating your antivirus software, operating system, firewalls and browsers. Overlooking any updates notification creates loopholes in your defense system.

3. Embrace Cloud Computing Services –You can use cloud services to handle your data storage and application needs. This will not only save you money and time, but also improve your data security.

4. Strong Internal Policies: - One of the biggest cyber security risks is your employees. In most cases, cyber criminals will gain access to your network as a result of your employee’s ignorant actions. Such actions could be use of poor passwords or clicking to unknown links in the email.

You should always update your employees on the latest scams. It is also important to follow up with the company’s computer security specialist to ensure that the right protective measures have been implemented. You may come up with a cyber-security policy document to ensure that all employees know these policies and stick to them.

5. Passwords – Create strong passwords and change them frequently. A strong password involves the use of letters, numbers and special symbols. This makes it hard for any attacker to guess. Also avoid the use of same password for different accounts. This should apply for all your employees.


Jimmy Rohampton is a freelance writer, blogger and business consultant from Southwest London. He travels the world and helps people master blogging and online marketing at HowToCreateABlog.org. Think you're interesting and he should know you? Say "Hi" to him at Jimmy@HowToCreateABlog.org

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